Friday, February 22, 2019

Dynochem 5 released as part of the new Scale-up Suite

In our 14 February webinar, Scale-up Systems was delighted to announce the release of Dynochem 5 as part of the new Scale-up Suite, which also includes Reaction Lab and Numero Chem.

Scale-up Suite includes Dynochem and new products Reaction Lab and Numero Chem
Reaction Lab: Kinetics meets ELN

This is the culmination of great work by our software development team, inspired by customer feedback and led by Dr Steve Hearn.

High-level details about the components in Scale-up Suite can be found at the new look website.  Members of can get more detail and access to the tools via the Dynochem Resources and Reaction Lab Resources websites.

We've started a program of weekly 30-minute webinars to talk through the new features and hope that customers and prospective customers can make some of those live (or watch the recordings) over the next month or two.

Your Dynochem 4 content works in Dynochem 5 and you should plan to upgrade as soon as practicable for you.  Expect a host of improvements in speed, ease of use and accuracy, the latter especially for material properties.

Use the links at the side of this blog to explore more.  As always, we'd love to hear your feedback to

Wednesday, October 24, 2018

List of AIChE 2018 Annual Meeting highlights available now

We've uploaded our customary list of highlights at this year's AIChE Annual Meeting, taking place next week in Pittsburgh (Oct 28-Nov 2).

There's a DynoChem Reception this year and we'll be hosting another rematch of Jeopardy there.  If you're from our user community or a potential new customer, you can register here for a ticket.

The list of talks featuring DynoChem contains 14 interesting topics ranging from reactions, distillation, crystallization, drying to safety, stability and continuous processing / flow chemistry.  Presenting organizations include AbbVie, Dow, FDA, Hovione, Lilly, Merck, Pfizer, Zoetis.  Get the list here.

Our team on site this year includes Dr Andrew Bird, with whom many of you will have interacted beneficially during support cases. 

If you're travelling to AIChE, we look forward to seeing you there.

Thursday, July 19, 2018

Great set of guest webinars so far this year, more to come, including 'Bourne' sequel; enjoy on your phone

We hope you've been enjoying our free to attend guest webinar program this year as much as we have.

To date in 2018, Syngenta, Johnson Matthey, Nalas, Amgen and Teva have covered topics from one end of a manufacturing stage to the other, addressing synthesis, experimental design, process safety, crystallization and drying.

Who needs Netflix and HBO?  You can enjoy last week's Guest Webinar by Tom Corrie, Syngenta: “Accelerating Active Ingredient Development with Early Stage DynoChem Simulations", and all other webinars in our Guest series, on your smartphone / mobile device, any time of the day or night. [Screenshot from iPhone 8 shown here]

A reminder that you use your phone to both attend live (Adobe Connect app) and/or enjoy recordings (MP4 format, see iPhone screenshot above).  In line with the spirit of GDPR regulations, the identities of our attendees are now anonymized in recordings.

We're impressed by the innovative ways in which users apply our tools and also their openness in discussing process development challenges they face and the solutions they have found.  And there's more to come this year, with Sarafinas Process & Mixing Consulting on use of the legendary 'Bourne Reactions', UCD on continuous crystallization, and AstraZeneca on centrifugation, events all in the schedule.

Thanks to Steve Cropper and Peter Clark of our team for continuing to line up a great annual program.  2019 is already looking good, with Flow Chemistry and Drying webinars already planned.

Tuesday, April 24, 2018

EU-GDPR - Opt-in

We send occasional emails to the DynoChem community to inform you about upcoming free to attend web training and guest webinars (mails you receive from Steve Cropper).  Under GDPR, we are requesting consent to send these to people located within the EU after 25 May 2018.  To give your consent, please click the button:

Thursday, March 29, 2018

BioPharma Europe Initiative: giving Pharma manufacturing a distinctive voice in Brussels

Through our involvement with the pre-competitive collaboration centre SSPC, we have attended a number of events organized by BioPharma Europe, a growing SSPC-led initiative that is raising awareness in the European Parliament and Commission of the unique role, position and needs of the European Pharma industry and seeking policy initiatives that support a strong future for Pharmaceutical Manufacturing in Europe.

Source: EFPIA
After a good start, this group is now seeking to build support from a wider network of European pharma industry stakeholders in the next phase of discussion with Europe's research and regulatory policymakers, such that future policy decisions support this strategically important industry in the globally competitive landscape.

At Scale-up Systems, we are proud of our excellent relationships with pharma companies, CMOs and CROs and are delighted to bring BioPharma Europe to the attention of our customers.  Organizations wishing to find out more about BioPharma Europe should contact Aisling Arthur at SSPC.

Tuesday, February 27, 2018

A PSD trend that is not widely reported - thanks, Orel

While supporting customers who apply DynoChem for crystallization modeling, we have seen several cases where some of the familiar quantiles of the PSD (D10, D50, D90) reduce with time during at least the initial part of the crystallization process.

On reflection one should not be that surprised: these are statistics rather than the sizes of any individual particles.  In fact, all particles may be getting larger but the weighting of the PSD shifts towards smaller sizes (where particles are more numerous, even without nucleation) and in certain cases, this causes D90, D50 and maybe even D10 to reduce during growth.

Last week we had an excellent Guest Webinar from Orel Mizrahi of Teva and Ariel University, who characterized a system with this behaviour, with modeling work summarised in the screenshot below.

D10, D50 and D90 trends in a seeded cooling crystallization: measured data (symbols) and model predictions (curves).
There was a good discussion of these results during Orel's webinar and we decided to make a short animation of a similar system using results from the DynoChem Crystallization Toolbox to help illustrate the effect.
Cumulative PSD from the DynoChem Crystallization toolbox, showing the evolution of PSD shape during growth from a wide seed PSD.  The movement of quantiles D10, D50 and D90 is shown in the lines dropped to the size axis of the curve.
In this illustration, the reduction in  D50 can be seen briefly and the reduction in D90 continues through most of the process.  From the changing shape of the curve,  with most of the movement on the left hand side, most of the mass is deposited on the (much more numerous) smaller particles.

We see this trend even in growth-dominated systems, when the seed PSD is wide.

Wednesday, January 24, 2018

Run typical crystallization experimental design in silico using DynoChem

Faced with challenging timelines for crystallization process development, practitioners typically find themselves running a DOE (statistical design of experiments) and measuring end-point results to see what factors most affect the outcome (often PSD, D10, D50, D90, span).  Thermodynamic, scale-independent effects (like solubility) may be muddled with scale-dependent kinetic effects (like seed temperature and cooling rate or time) in these studies, making results harder to generalize and scale.

First-principles models of crystallization may never be quantitatively perfect - the phenomena are complex and measurement data are limited - but even a semi-quantitative first-principles kinetic model can inform and guide experimentation in a way that DOE or trial and error experimentation can not, leading to a reduction in overall effort and a gain in process understanding, as long as the model is easy to build.

Scale-up predictions for crystallization are often based on maintaining similar agitation and power per unit mass (or volume) is a typical check, even if the geometry on scale is very different to the lab.  A first principles approach considers additional factors such as whether the solids are fully suspended or over-agitated, how well the heat transfer surface can remove heat and the mixing time associated with the incoming antisolvent feed.

The DynoChem crystallization library and the associated online training exercises and utilities show how to integrate all of these factors by designing focused experiments and making quick calculations  to obtain separately thermodynamic, kinetic and vessel performance data before integrating these to both optimize and scale process performance.

Users can easily perform an automated in-silico version of the typical lab DOE in minutes, with 'virtual experiments' reflecting performance of the scaled-up process.  Even if the results are not fully quantitative, users learn about the sensitivities and robustness of their process as well as its scale-dependence.  This heightened awareness alone may be sufficient to resolve problems that arise later in development and scale-up, in a calm and rational manner.  Some sample results of a virtual DOE are given below by way of example.

Heat-map of in-silico DOE at plant scale agitation conditions, showing the effects of four typical factors on D50
The largest D50 is obtained in this case with the highest seeding temperature,  lowest seed loading and longest addition (phase 1) time. Cooling time (phase 2) has a weak effect over the range considered.
Click here to learn how to apply these tools.

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